Readers’ wildlife photos

Don’t forget to send in your wildlife photos (if you did already, I almost certainly have them in the queue). Today’s batch comes from Tony Eales in Australia, who sent a diverse batch of insects, spiders, plants, fungi, and reptiles. Tony’s notes and IDs are indented. This was sent February 17.

We’ve had buckets of rain that has finally got the fires completely under control albeit with a fair amount of flooding. This weekend was the first one dry enough to really get out with the camera and see how things are. In the open eucalyptus forests, there is a lot of late flowering now that the rains have come. I found this native Spade Flower which is in the violet family, Afrohybanthus stellarioides.

Up in the local rainforest there were signs of life everywhere. Particularly striking were the fruiting bodies of a Honeycomb Coral Slime Mould, Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa.

The nice thing about doing macrophotography in the rainforest in Australia is that you can often be the first person to get a live photograph of a species.

This one was a tiny fungus weevil, Eupanteos sp. I was informed by an expert on iNaturalist that this is an endemic genus with five known species in Australia (two undescribed), and while it most resembled E. bifasciatus, the taxonomic description for that species has a white stripe both above and below the dark band; so perhaps it’s something else.

A small Lauxaniid fly, these flies are small and often mistaken for fruit flies. The one in the photo is Poecilohetaerus pinnatus. While I can find live photos of other Poecilohetaerus species, I believe this is the first online of P. pinnatus.

I have sent a picture of this species of Rhotana, a small Derbid planthopper from the rainforest, before. But now I have better equipment and have got a clearer image. This species is hypothesized to have a portrait of a jumping spider on its wing. This is something we see a lot as shown in this cool paper, “Do jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) draw their own portraits?” by David E. Hill, Abhijith A. P. C.  and João P. Burini.

Because of the recent rain there were lots of these Dripping Bonnets, I think they are Southern Dripping BonnetsRoridomyces austrororidus which I have photographed in Tasmania; but they may be a different sub-tropical species.

The find of the day was a ground dwelling Funnelweb Hadronyche sp. probably either H. infensa or H. valida. Apparently only an expert can tell them apart, and that is with a dead male specimen in hand. Females of the two species are indistinguishable. I guess DNA would work too. I managed to annoy it sufficiently to get the classic threat pose with the drop of deadly venom on its fangs. Find-a-spider website has some very good notes on funnelwebs.  “Funnel-webs rarely climb and so will usually be found at floor level in a part of the house where the humidity is high. When provoked, both sexes rear up (though they do not jump) and drops of venom appear on the ends of their fangs. This tendency to void venom is an important identifying feature of funnel-web spiders.”

Lastly, we had a visitor in the backyard chicken run. A coastal Carpet PythonMorelia spilota ssp. mcdowelli. It hung in the lower branches of a bush in prestrike mode, perfectly motionless for several hours. I’m hoping it got one of the rats or feral doves that come for the chicken feed. It was a young-looking snake that didn’t look like it could swallow our chickens, but I didn’t risk it and let them run in the yard while the snake was there.

17 Comments

  1. Posted March 13, 2020 at 7:53 am | Permalink

    These are lovely.

  2. Posted March 13, 2020 at 8:02 am | Permalink

    Great pictures, Tony! Always a pleasure to see your pictures. The Lauxaniid fly looks to be waving white front feet. I wonder what that might be for.

    • tjeales
      Posted March 13, 2020 at 3:29 pm | Permalink

      I’ve been noticing the arm waving behaviour in quite a lot of small flies from different lineages including Grass Flies Chloropidae, Shore Flies Ephydridae, Signal Flies Platystomatidae and as you point out Lauxaniid Flies. Flies are constantly grooming with their fore legs so I guess it’s easy to see how that might evolve into signalling behaviour.

  3. Posted March 13, 2020 at 8:39 am | Permalink

    I am often surprised by the size of the prey items of even small snakes…..good of you to keep yours away the snake.

  4. Max Blancke
    Posted March 13, 2020 at 9:13 am | Permalink

    Having become jealous of the quality of wonderful wildlife images on this site, I have ordered a macro lens for my camera. My current lens allows focusing no closer than one meter.
    But I have really enjoyed the great images of the various critter posted here.

    • Posted March 13, 2020 at 10:12 am | Permalink

      👍! Looking forward! The other item is an external flash (and that can to mount on the hot shoe (and that can be inexpensive), and a diffuser. But among the best diffusers are ones you make on your own for essentially nothing.
      Adventure and learning even in your back yard.

  5. Posted March 13, 2020 at 10:27 am | Permalink

    I remember staying finding a dead funnel web spider under my bed in a hotel when I was travelling around Australia when I was about 18. I new it was dead, but holy heck those things look terrifying. (I think it was in West Wyalong — “Home of the world’s second largest playable guitar!” Not far from a town called Grong Grong. Weird weird shit.)

    Deadly for humans, harmless for cats and dogs. Just in case anyone wants to know–

    “Called robustoxin, the peptide is another neurotoxin that disrupts nerve signals. However, it works in the opposite way to the taipan venom. Instead of shutting-down nerve signalling, it switches it all on at once causing massive electrical over-load in the body’s nervous system. The protein attaches itself to nerve synapses and prevents them from switching off – salivary glands, tear ducts and sweat glands all start running uncontrollably, muscles begin to spasm, blood pressure climbs as blood vessels contract and then falls to dangerously low levels. Ultimately, most funnel web fatalities occur from either cardiac arrest or a condition known as pulmonary oedema, where the capillaries around the lungs begin to leak and the patient effectively drowns. Death can come as quickly as two hours after a bite.

    People and other primates are exquisitely sensitive to funnel web venom but, intriguingly, other mammals such as mice, rabbits, guineapigs, dogs and cats are relatively immune and often survive 100 times the human lethal dosage. For years scientists wondered whether funnel webs had some special grudge against people. But recently it was discovered the toxin is equally lethal to insects – the spiders’ main prey.”

    https://www.abc.net.au/science/slab/shorter/story.htm

    • boudiccadylis
      Posted March 13, 2020 at 10:45 am | Permalink

      Thank you.

  6. rickflick
    Posted March 13, 2020 at 10:37 am | Permalink

    Nicely done.

  7. rickflick
    Posted March 13, 2020 at 10:38 am | Permalink

    The Heron’s Fire shots are terrific.

  8. Posted March 13, 2020 at 11:11 am | Permalink

    That spider looks terrifying.

  9. Mark R.
    Posted March 13, 2020 at 4:10 pm | Permalink

    Fungi, spiders and snakes; what’s not to love? These were all very well photographed, great job. Glad to hear you’re getting much needed rain down-under.

  10. Posted March 13, 2020 at 6:36 pm | Permalink

    Brilliant work, Tony! The white mould fooled me at first glance; I thought they were asters or chrysanthemums fallen to the ground.

  11. Posted March 14, 2020 at 3:23 pm | Permalink

    Yikes. I would only take a pic of a funnel-web spider if I had a telephoto lens.

    • tjeales
      Posted March 14, 2020 at 4:18 pm | Permalink

      What I found was that it was so determined to stand its ground that I felt like I was in no danger at all.

  12. Charles A Sawicki
    Posted March 16, 2020 at 8:35 am | Permalink

    Great closeup pictures. Love the one of the funnel web spider with fangs dripping venom. Interesting from an evolutionary point of view, since this would seem to be a waste of very precious resources!


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