Readers’ wildlife photos (and one of mine)

Today we’re continuing on with David Hughes’s photos from India, the first aliquot which I posted yesterday. Here’s the introduction, and David’s captions are indented:

In December 2018 I went on a wildlife-viewing tour to three tiger reserves in Madhya Pradesh, central India, a trip I can thoroughly recommend if it ever takes your fancy. We visited Pench, Kanha and Satpura Tiger Reserves. Kanha is the most famous, and probably offers the best chance of seeing tigers in the wild. I’ll add a caption to each photo.

Bee-eater: The Indian green bee-eater (Merops orientalis) on a power line just outside Satpura Tiger Reserve.

Honey buzzard: I’m not 100% sure of this one, but I think it’s the oriental honey buzzard (Pernis ptiloryhnchus), photographed in Kanha Tiger Reserve.

 Crocodile: Mugger or marsh crocodile (Crocodylus palustris), basking on the bank of the Denwa River, which forms one of the boundaries of the Satpura Reserve. The bird in the background is a yellow-wattled lapwing (Vanellus malabaricus).

Spider: The signature spider (Argiope anasuja), photographed on its web in the grounds of Kanha Jungle Lodge.

Jackal: the Golden jackal (Canis aureus), in Kanha Tiger Reserve. We came across a pair using the jeep trail to move through the forest, and this one obligingly posed for photos close to the jeep.

Here’s a photo I took yesterday of one of my orchids. This one, the natural species Paphiopedilum sukhakulii, blooms once or twice a year in my lab.  I don’t find it nearly as hard to grow as the notes below suggest. It was identified a while back by reader Lou Jost, and here are some photos of the species that confirm the ID.  And here are a few notes from Wikipedia:

True endemic species are often rare, tending to be confined to specific areas. The P. sukhakulii is one of these rare species with a very restricted distribution at one small location. The P. sukhakulii is a species of orchid endemic to northeastern Thailand. It grows at heights of 240–1000 meters on Mount Phy Luang Mountains in the province of Loei This orchid grows in leafy sand-clay linens, usually along mountain streams under the shade of large forest trees. Flowering occurs during the warm months of the year.

P. sukhakulii is a species of the hill evergreen forest and is very sensitive to the environment. It must be grown near rocky high altitude, particular nutrient availability, and shaded habitats.

 

13 Comments

  1. Dominic
    Posted February 13, 2020 at 7:48 am | Permalink

    Very nice.

    The jackal will have his day!

  2. Posted February 13, 2020 at 8:26 am | Permalink

    When reading the Wikipedia quote on Paphiopedilum sukhakulii, I initially read “It grows at heights of…” as “It grows TO heights of…” and thankfully did a double-take and corrected myself. That would be one tall orchid.

  3. rickflick
    Posted February 13, 2020 at 8:49 am | Permalink

    What a handsome bird is the bee-eater. Here’s a video clip:

    https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=File%3AGreen_Bee-eater_-_Merops_orientalis.ogv

  4. Steve Gerrard
    Posted February 13, 2020 at 11:16 am | Permalink

    That’s quite an orchid!

  5. Bruce Lyon
    Posted February 13, 2020 at 11:24 am | Permalink

    Lovely shots of the Indian wildlife. Thanks for sharing them. I wonder if the raptor could be a Mountain Hawk-Eagle? I am not familiar with the species of honey buzzard you suggest but the bird is reminiscent of a hawk-eagle but I am familiar with the Neotropical hawk-eagles and not Asian ones. If you have other photos of the bird you could check the throat area and see if it has a loose necklace of black spots on the throat.

    Also, could the shorebird be an Indian Stone Curlew? The gestalt looks more stone curlew to me, especially the head and face. When I googled the Yellow-wattled Lapwing it has an all black crown that the bird in your photo lacks and the two species have quite difference faces. Perhaps a birder who knows Indian birds can weigh in.

    • David Hughes
      Posted February 13, 2020 at 11:36 am | Permalink

      You may well be right, on both counts. I’m no expert on Indian birds, and was relying on IDs given by other people at the time. I’m much happier with the big mammals!

  6. Joe Dickinson
    Posted February 13, 2020 at 12:19 pm | Permalink

    Does anyone know the significance of the X-shaped pattern of what appears to be special silk in the spider’s web?

    • David Hughes
      Posted February 13, 2020 at 1:39 pm | Permalink

      The white silken “X” is called a “stabilimentum”. Quite a few spider species make them. Their function still seems to be a matter for debate, but one suggestion is that by making the web more conspicuous, they reduce the likelihood of birds flying through and destroying it. However, I would think that it might also make the web more visible to spider-hunting birds, so perhaps there’s some trade-off involved?

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_decoration

  7. jedijan
    Posted February 13, 2020 at 6:29 pm | Permalink

    Check out the rainbow bee eater from northern Australia. So like your honey buzzard, and, I dare to say, looks prettier!

  8. Posted February 14, 2020 at 10:10 am | Permalink

    All very lovely, David, thanks.

    My brother has an orchid just like that, and it’s doing well in his spare room, with little outings to enjoy humidity of summer on the back patio. He does have a very green thumb. I prefer outdoor gardening.


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