Today we have photos of owl-banding from Robert Placier. And not just any owl, but the second smallest owl in America: the Northern Saw-Whet Owl, Aegolius acadicus. (The smallest and lightest owl in America, as well as the world, is the elf owl). Robert’s commentary is indented, and you can enlarge his photos by clicking on them.
These impossibly cute and feisty little birds are a joy to work with. I started in 2003, working with partners, and have handled hundreds. So I can get carried away easily. I’ll try to send enough pictures to give an idea what I/we do, and hold text to a minimum.
First, Northern Saw-whet Owls are the smallest in eastern North America. But they don’t nest anywhere near my southeastern Ohio home. They start showing up here about the middle of October, and generally few “new” (unbanded) birds are captured by the first week of December. Some do overwinter in my area, others are apparently just passing through.
They are, like most owls, nocturnal. So Saw-whet banders open nets at dusk. Some folks operate all night, I generally shut down by midnight. Here’s me removing an owl from a net. Photo by my brother-in-law. I don’t have a photo of the apparatus, but we use a battery powered audio-lure to bring in the owls. We play the male display call, going continuously from beginning to end of the session.
Some banders do all the work of capture, data collection, and release outside. But most have some place to take the birds inside for the banding and data gathering. Before releasing the owls, I place them in a holding bag hung up in a safe and dark spot for at least 15 minutes to allow their eyes to readjust.
Installing a band.
Measuring wing chord (length of folded wing)
We use a discriminant function to determine sex of Saw-whets. This combines the mass of a bird and its wing chord. About 70% of Saw-whets can be sexed this way at the 95% confidence level, at least in my area. I have never had a Saw-whet that weighed as much as 120g. They must be heavier out west; I don’t know the provenance of the data in this scattergram. As in all owls, females are on average larger. Banders at my latitude catch very few males, who apparently try to stay farther north.
Dscriminant function chart.
The next part is pretty cool! All owls (and some other birds, such as parrots) incorporate a bile pigment, porphyrin, in their newly grown feathers. In owls, at least, the porphyrins generate shades of brown. And, interestingly for our purposes, the freshly deposited porphyrins glow bright pink under a black light. They also break down over time and exposure to sunlight, and older feathers contain less. Combined with the fact that Saw-whets replace only part of their flight (wing) feathers each Fall, it is possible to age Saw-whets, within limits.
This is the wing of a “hatch year” (born this year) Saw-whet captured in the Fall. No flight feathers are replaced in young of the year, so they glow uniformly pink.
Explaining the feather replacement pattern would take too much text, but this owl would be aged as “after second year” in the Fall, in its third year of life. There are three, at least, ages of feathers visible.
I will close by noting that these owls are predominantly residents of the boreal forest region during their nesting season. And, like some other residents of that region, they exhibit a marked population cycle, generally of 4-5 years. This is tied to the cyclic abundance of small mammals, their predominant food source. Last year (2020) was a peak year of the cycle, I captured 95 Saw-whets at my place that Fall. The previous year, with the same effort, I captured 16.
15 thoughts on “Readers’ wildlife photos”
Thanks for sharing, Robert. That is really cool you can determine age based on the porphyrin deposits!
That was great! Females are usually heavier, with a greater range of weights, I see.
Perhaps one could use a strong UV light to spot certain birds at night.
Nice story and photos. The only owls I saw close up that were slightly larger were Borrowing Owls. These were nesting at Sharp Army Depot, Lathrop, California.
Wow, great use of fluorescence!!! I had no idea bird feathers had that property.
Great set of photos with interesting information. Thanks!
Very cool! Interesting that an audio-lure brings them in.
Great information. They sure are cute.
What an interesting process. Are these owls endangered or do you tag, sex and age them for a different reason? It seems 2020 was a boon year for many wild animals since Covid kept the humans inside. (Though this probably has nothing to do with the small-mammal cycle the owls follow.)
Hi Mark. I am part of a continent spanning effort called Project Owlnet. Which, despite the name, mostly works with Northern Saw-whet Owl banding. And it largely began because so little was known about this species. They rarely vocalize outside their breeding grounds. So, while researchers knew they are widespread, we didn’t know much about population size and fluctuations, seasonal movements, etc. After being at it for some years, I think we can safely say that their population is far from endangered. Their movements around the landscape are very strange, though, compared to most avian species. They are nomadic, it seems, rarely returning to the same area from year to year either to nest or to overwinter. We still have things to learn, it seems.
Hi Bob, thanks for this extra information. Good on you and the people in Project Owlnet for your work- sounds very rewarding. And I’m happy to hear the Saw-whet is not endangered.
By coincidence I am in the middle of reading The Hidden Lives of Owls by Leigh Calvez. It opens with a description of netting and studying Northern Saw-Whet Owls, on islands near Seattle. I highly recommend the book. It goes on to talk about many other owl species and the people who study them.
Very interesting post thanks. We have moreporks (ruru) (Ninox novaeseelandiae) calling at night, haunting sort of sound echoing around the valley. Morepork are the only native owl of NZ.
Great photos and narrative, Bob! Thanks for all your work in ferreting out the mysteries of these little hooters.
Thanks, Jim! I have certainly been enjoying your contributions on this site, as well as your own.