On July 28, 1540, Thomas Cromwell, charged with treason, was beheaded on the order of Henry VIII of England. On that very day, Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard. She too was beheaded in November of the next year. On this day in 1794, both Maximilien Robespierre and Louis Antoine de Saint-Just, leaders of the French Revolution, were hoist with their own petard—or rather with their own guillotine. On this day in 1821, José de San Martin declared that Peru was independent from Spain. In 1868, the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was certified, establishing that blacks were United States citizens and deserved equal protection of the law. On July 28, 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia—the official beginning of World War I. On this day in 1939, the Sutton Hoo Helmet was unearthed in Suffolk, an amazing artifact from the 7th century. Wikipedia describes it:
The Sutton Hoo helmet is a decorated Anglo-Saxon helmet which was discovered during the 1939 excavation of the Sutton Hoo ship burial. It was buried around 625 and is widely believed to have been the helmet of King Rædwald of East Anglia, and its elaborate decoration may have given it a secondary function akin to a crown. The helmet is “the most iconic object” from “one of the most spectacular archaeological discoveries ever made,” and one of the most important Anglo-Saxon artefacts ever found. Its visage features eyebrows, nose, and moustache, creating the image of a man joined by a dragon’s head to become a soaring dragon with outstretched wings. It has become a symbol of the Dark Ages and also “of Archaeology in general.” It was excavated as hundreds of rusted fragments, and was first displayed following an initial reconstruction in 1945–46, and then in its present form after a second reconstruction in 1970–71.
Here is a reconstruction (with original bits) from 1970-71 and a replica showing its original appearance:
On July 28, 1973, the Summer Jam celebration took place at Watkins Glen, with a rock festival crowd of around 600,000. Yours truly was there with a pal, and I’m told it was the biggest rock festival in history. Finally, on this day in 2005, the Provisional IRA ended its 30-year armed campaign in Northern Ireland.
Notables born on this day include Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844), Beatrix Potter (1866), Marchel Duchamp (1887), Rudy Valée (1901), Malcolm Lowry (1909), Mike Bloomfield and Bill Bradley (both 1943) and Hugo Chavéz (1954). Those who died on July 28 include Antonio Vivaldi (1741), Johann Sebastian Bach (1750), Marie Dressler (1934), Roger Tory Peterson (1996), Francis Crick (2004), and Eileen Brennan (2013).
Heres Brennan playing Genevieve the waitress in my favorite American movie, The Last Picture Show; also appearing in this scene are Ben Johnson, Timothy Bottoms, and Jeff Bridges.
Meanwhile in Dobrzyn, Hili seeks pleasure—but where?
Hili: Where to look for happiness?A: I don’t understand.Hili: In the kitchen or in the garden?
Hili: Gdzie szukać szczęścia?
Ja: Nie rozumiem.
Hili: W kuchni czy w ogrodzie?
Tweets from Matthew:
Look at this baby giraffe struggling to stand up only a few minutes after birth. With lions about, it better!
A newborn giraffe is 1.7–2 m tall and in the few first minutes after birth, it struggles to take its first steps, but within a few hours of birth, the calf can run around and is almost indistinguishable from a one-week-old https://t.co/78wRdPvvHv [gif: https://t.co/zePAGwr1O5] pic.twitter.com/2qptvATRH1
— Massimo (@Rainmaker1973) July 27, 2018
A miscreant cat:
What did your cat do tonight? Mine took 124 screenshots of my desktop and uploaded it to dropbox pic.twitter.com/PiQcsysytU
— Jojo (@fanficlibrarian) July 26, 2018
Here’s something you didn’t know, but might have guessed given that the clitoris and penis have related developmental origins:
HEY, LISTEN UP FRIENDS. Yes, penis bones (bacula) are a thing in many animals but then so are clitoris bones (baubella). Here's a picture of a walrus and a squirrel baubellum, alongside the peens. pic.twitter.com/0iVMicEvtG
— Jules Howard (@juleslhoward) July 27, 2018
Well preserved dinosaurs: a Matthew Cobb favorite:
Dune collapse might not have been the main cause of death in the Cretaceous Gobi Desert, but it was a major cause of fossilisation. Here are five unlucky Protoceratops that met their demise that way, almost perfectly preserved in their death throes. #FossilFriday #dinosaur pic.twitter.com/tr0zSiRP0T
— Andrew Christopher Knapp (@KnappRew) July 27, 2018
This footage is amazing:
Wow. 20 years of real footage of stars orbiting the black hole in the center of our Milky Way from @ESO. You can even see the instrumentation/image quality improve over time! pic.twitter.com/slXGzV6WLF
— Jason Wang (@semaphore_P) July 26, 2018
Note the absence of women, which wouldn’t occur were this picture taken today. See how many evolutionists you can recognize. I’ll name one: my academic grandfather Theodosius Dobzhansky, fourth from left in the top row.
— Mizrob A. (@mizroba) July 26, 2018
Tweets from Grania. First, an article (click on screenshot) about an Egyptian zoo scamming people:
And, inevitably, Twitter responds:
“Ruth has denied that this is a painted dog” pic.twitter.com/jjzAi1KGnW
— Ruth Nic Hata Risteard (@RuthieFizz) July 26, 2018
— Ruth Nic Hata Risteard (@RuthieFizz) July 26, 2018
I am here for this idea. See attached pitch collateral, have your people contact my people, etc. etc. pic.twitter.com/f8srhAdGMt
— Malboury Jones (@Malboury) July 27, 2018
It’s been bloody hot and dry in Britain; look at these pictures!
— Chris Hadfield (@Cmdr_Hadfield) July 27, 2018
Gli, the Hagia Sofia cat whom I’ve visited AND fed (see last part of my post here).
My pleasure, Irma, always! 🙋♀️ ….have a wonderful day! ………..Quelle: Cat in Hagia Sophia by Anes_Ic pic.twitter.com/tNV5lQzZeu
— Brigitte Akın 🇩🇪🇹🇷 (@Brigitt01214804) July 27, 2018
Baby cat drinking milk. Look at the ears!
And “Determinism Man,” a panel from the comic strip Bliss submitted by several readers. It commits the fallacy of asserting that intervention is useless if determinism be true.