Monday: Hili dialogue

August 7, 2023 • 6:45 am

Welcome to the start of the work week: Monday, August 7, 2023, a day whose pain you can mitigate because it’s also National Raspberries and Cream Day.  As I’m getting ready to go to the Galápagos on Friday, and am also debilitated with insomnia, posting may be light this week, and perhaps nearly nonexistent from the 11th to the 21st. I do my best. 

It’s also Beach Party Day, Professional Speakers Day, and National Purple Heart Day. August 7 stems from the antecedents of the medal, now given out for being wounded in combat:

The original Purple Heart, designated as the Badge of Military Merit, was established by George Washington – then the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army – by order from his Newburgh, New York, headquarters on 7 August 1782. The Badge of Military Merit was only awarded to three Revolutionary War soldiers by Washington himself. Washington authorized his subordinate officers to issue Badges of Merit as appropriate. Although never abolished, the award of the badge was not proposed again officially until after World War I.

Here’s an original Badge of Military Merit awarded to Elijah Churchill of the Continental Army:

And the spiffier Purple Heart from WWII:


Readers are welcome to mark notable events, births, or deaths on this by consulting the August 7 Wikipedia page.

Da Nooz:

*Trump is doing victory laps since his indictment for the January 6 insurrection and his part in trying to overturn the election.

Former President Donald Trump, fresh off his third appearance in court as a criminal defendant, delivered a speech full of defiance and bluster on Friday night, insulting prosecutors and declaring that the charges he faces only help his 2024 presidential campaign.

“Any time they file an indictment, we go way up in the polls,” Trump said at a Republican Party dinner in Alabama. “We need one more indictment to close out this election. One more indictment, and this election is closed out. Nobody has even a chance.”

. . . But Trump was characteristically unapologetic as he took the stage Friday night to Lee Greenwood’s “God Bless the USA,” flashing a thumbs-up at the crowd, raising his fist and taking in a standing ovation of nearly three minutes.

. . .In a sign of that defiance, his campaign released an online ad Friday attacking Justice Department special counsel Jack Smith, who led the investigation that resulted in Trump’s latest charges and a separate case where he’s charged with mishandling classified documents.

The ad, which is expected to start airing on television next week, also attacks Manhattan District Attorney Alvin Bragg, who has charged Trump in a hush money case, and Fulton County District Attorney Fani Willis, who is believed to be close to filing charges in her investigation into efforts by Trump and his allies to overturn the 2020 election results in Georgia.

A Trump aide said the ad will start airing Monday and Tuesday in Washington, D.C., New York, Atlanta and on national cable. The ad was also shown to the crowd at the Alabama dinner Friday night.

Trump has continued to receive endorsements from GOP elected officials throughout the investigations and criminal cases, including on Friday from all six of the state’s Republican U.S. House members.

What’s more amazing than Trump’s lunacy and narcissism is that so many Americans buy it, giving the man a standing ovation. I apologize to the world on behalf of these Americans.

*The NYT has a postmortem on the World Cup and the heartbreaking loss of the U.S. to Sweden on penalty kicks after a nil-nil tie in regulation time. Here’s a five-minute video of that nail-biter of a penalty kick competition.

From the NYT (everybody’s always looking for that “watershed moment”):

Even the replay required a second look, so slim was the margin that separated the United States from elimination at the Women’s World Cup on Sunday.

But there it was, if you squinted: years of work, weeks of games and almost three hours of world-class soccer reduced to a single computer-generated image, the ball microscopically over the goal line, and the United States fully, and unequivocally, out of the World Cup.

“We just lost the World Cup by a millimeter,” goalkeeper Alyssa Naeher said. “That’s tough.”

It was probably more than one millimeter, no?

The decision was a stunning end in every possible way. That it gave Sweden a victory in a penalty shootout and a berth in the quarterfinals against Japan almost felt like an afterthought, though surely not to the Swedes.

Yet as they raced off into the corner, delirious in victory, there was so much else to process: soccer’s newfound reliance on technology and video review; the elimination of the United States, the two-time reigning champion ejected from its customary place at the peak of its sport; and the exit from the World Cup, for the final time, of the American star Megan Rapinoe, the athlete and activist who had hoped to go out a three-time champion but will instead fly home ruing her own missed penalty kick, a cruel twist of fate she labeled “a sick joke.”

The defeat may one day be seen as a watershed moment for women’s soccer, the moment when the United States, the most successful and most decorated team in the sport’s history, surrendered its decades of primacy once and for all. Close watchers of the sport have seen that moment coming for a while. Investments in Europe especially but elsewhere, too, have been narrowing that gap for years. Rising powers like Spain, England and the Netherlands — but also older ones like Sweden and Germany — no longer shudder at the sight of the Americans on the other side.

*And the WaPo has one, too: “The new face of U.S. women’s soccer is stunned disbelief.

These are the faces of utter and abject disappointment. We’ve never seen the United States women’s national team look like this, like lost tourists at a tournament they had once known so well. Williams’s traumatized expression. Naeher appearing as though she’d like to have a word with management to file a very angry complaint. Rapinoe wilting in her final international match and looking confused over whether to laugh or cry during her last moments on a cold Sunday night inside Melbourne Rectangular Stadium.

. . . We’ve never watched the Americans leave the World Cup this early. This will officially be scored as the USWNT losing 5-4 to Sweden in a penalty-kick shootout after a scoreless draw. However, the record does not show the agony. Seen through the players in this storied program who performed so unevenly that American dominance in this game should now be spoken of in past tense terms. And felt by the fans who traveled across the globe, reworking their itineraries on the fly and fighting off jet lag just to get their hearts broken in a different hemisphere.

. . .The USWNT won its first World Cup when co-captain Alex Morgan was just two years old. Later, another iteration of the super program turned sports bra celebrations into a fad before Sophia Smith was even born. This was the legacy the new United States team was living up to for 90 minutes. Trinity Rodman pressuring Sweden’s defense and leading the American attack to a 6-2 shot advantage in the first half. Morgan coming oh-so-close on potential goals — and being shut out twice by Swedish goalkeeper Zecira Musovic.

But for a second straight match the United States never scored, opening the door for the game to be taken over by randomness and penalty kicks. And ultimately, heartache.

. . .And then, the nightmare.

Kelley O’Hara’s attempt hit the post, setting up the Swedes for the winner. Though Naeher appeared to stop Lina Hurtig’s kick and quickly collected herself to deflect the rebound, upon review the ball did in fact cross the line. Just barely enough to send the Americans home. Stunned, Naeher wouldn’t let go to the ball. Williams wouldn’t move. Rapinoe couldn’t stop laugh-crying. This is what American soccer now looks like.

You could clearly see Rapinoe smiling after she missed her penalty kick, and then after the Americans lost. I’m not sure what that’s about, but it was likely a strange mixture of despair and irony (Rapinoe rarely misses a penalty kick). Here’s another reaction.

Photo: Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post

*Pamela Paul seems to be a Luddite about this, but read her NYT op-ed, “A brief and futile argument in defense of the incandescent bulb.”

We knew the day was coming when the lights would go out, and by that, I mean the light of the incandescent light bulb. As of Aug. 1, the Biden administration’s regulations went into effect: All bulbs forthwith must comply with new efficiency standards. While not explicitly banning incandescent bulbs, these regulations will make it awfully hard — if not impossible — for the old Edison bulb to pass muster.

Intellectually, I’m on board. The more environmental regulations this country can impose, the better. My own microcontribution is an array of personal eco-diktats, some of which I try to force on other members of my family. I am forever turning out lights when people momentarily leave a room. I wash and reuse Ziploc bags until they no longer zip, and I enlist all stray bags into litter box duty. I am a manic recycler of paper.

There is simply no reasonable defense of incandescent light bulbs. LED bulbs last longer, are cheaper in the long run and, now that their once hefty price tag has dropped, in the short run as well. Their widespread use will significantly reduce carbon emissions.

But against reason, let me argue briefly and futilely in favor of the aesthetic, ambient, even tactile (I’ll explain) benefits of Edison’s radiant invention.

First, consider the alternatives. A hundred times I have been told that LED bulbs, with their unnatural froideur and their sour green aura, can now simulate all manner of glow. They come with labels like soft white and bright white, cool white and daylight. It’s all nonsense. The morose cast of the LED bulb looks one step up from the dread fluorescent, with its grim hue supplying the gray to barely finished basements, the line at the D.M.V. and the waiting room in the E.R. Stark. Devoid of passion. Institutional. I’m hardly the first person to notice that LED light simply looks bad.

Things illuminated by LED (human beings, for example) also look bad, sullen, even villainous.

. . . And LED is cold — not just in terms of color but actually cold. As a person whose internal thermostat runs on the chilly side, who needs a hot bath every night just to fully inhabit my extremities, the incandescent light bulb has served as a beacon.

. . . Or simply succumb to the waning incandescence. Wait it out until fireplace season. Cling to the good news that, per a separate slate of proposed efficiency standards, the odious compact fluorescent light may soon be banned, too. We’ll always have candlelight.

I have to agree with Paul. I have only one incandescent bulb in my flat, but it’s the one I use most often: my bedside reading lamp. It has a warm glow that is easy to read by. The lamp on the other side of the bed, a compact fluorescent, seems, well, cold.  I don’t know what I’ll do when my reading light burns out.

*You may have seen this video which ignited an online debate: is this animal, on display at a Chinese zoo, a real sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) or a human in a sun bear costume? When I first saw it, I was convinced that the way it walked, plus the wrinkles on its lower back, indicated a costumed human, though why they’d do that puzzled me. It turns out that I was (probably) wrong. Judge for yourself:

The zoo itself has denied that the bear is a fake:

. . . in an audio recording circulating on WeChat, a spokesperson for the zoo said the animal was real and that such deception would not happen at a state-run facility. He also noted that in the 40C (104F) summer temperature, a human in a fur bear suit “would not last more than a few minutes before collapsing”.

A zoo employee said visits were being arranged for reporters on Monday to see the bears.

But a writer at USA Today (perhaps tongue in cheek) says this is a person in a bear suit:

The bear is standing up straight in very human-like fashion. Its fur around the back appears a bit wrinkled up, like it’s an ill-fitting costume. And, as previously mentioned, it waved at people.

Even more suspiciously, zoo officials reacted swiftly to the internet rumors by saying the sun bear is “definitely not a human.” That seems a bit too defensive. And it’s just what I would say if I were trying to get people to believe my dude-in-a-bear-suit ruse.

Well, bears can be taught to wave, but those wrinkles still get me. Look at them closely in the video above.

Meanwhile in Dobrzyn, Hili waits for inspiration:

Hili: I’m sitting and thinking what next.
A: And?
Hili: I will decide something sooner or later.
In Polish:
Hili: Siedzę i myślę co dalej.
Ja: I co?
Hili: Prędzej czy później coś postanowię.
And a picture of a sleeping Szaron:


From Laurie Ann. Would you honk? I wouldn’t!

From Simon, who says that this came from the UK but refers to the US:

From BuzzFeed:


Masih speak with a woman who describes the sexual humiliation that women face in Iranian prisons (there are subtitles):

From Simon. Where are these penguins going?

An attentive driver from Barry:

From Malcolm, a cat stealing the spotlight:

From the Auschwitz Memorial, a 14-year-old girl gassed upon arrival (the sex is confused here):

Tweets from the diligent Dr. Cobb. First, evidence that flies play. Follow the thread for more data.

A translation from the British. (Another one I’ve noticed is “very nice”, which translates to “horrible.”)

A scientist elated by his newfound fame. See the article on brooding behavior in starfish here.

28 thoughts on “Monday: Hili dialogue

  1. On this day:
    1782 – George Washington orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart.

    1786 – The first federal Indian Reservation is created by the United States.

    1858 – The first Australian rules football match is played between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College.

    1890 – Anna Månsdotter, found guilty of the 1889 Yngsjö murder, became the last woman to be executed in Sweden.

    1909 – Alice Huyler Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip, taking 59 days to travel from New York, New York to San Francisco, California.

    1930 – The last confirmed lynching of black people in the Northern United States occurs in Marion, Indiana; two men, Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, are killed.

    1944 – IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).

    1946 – The government of the Soviet Union presented a note to its Turkish counterparts which refuted the latter’s sovereignty over the Turkish Straits, thus beginning the Turkish Straits crisis.

    1947 – Thor Heyerdahl’s balsa wood raft, the Kon-Tiki, smashes into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands after a 101-day, 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi) journey across the Pacific Ocean in an attempt to prove that pre-historic peoples could have traveled from South America.

    1962 – Canadian-born American pharmacologist Frances Oldham Kelsey is awarded the U.S. President’s Award for Distinguished Federal Civilian Service for her refusal to authorize thalidomide.

    1970 – California judge Harold Haley is taken hostage in his courtroom and killed during an effort to free George Jackson from police custody.

    1974 – Philippe Petit performs a high wire act between the twin towers of the World Trade Center 1,368 feet (417 m) in the air.

    1976 – Viking program: Viking 2 enters orbit around Mars.

    1985 – Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan’s first astronauts.

    1987 – Cold War: Lynne Cox becomes the first person to swim from the United States to the Soviet Union, crossing the Bering Strait from Little Diomede Island in Alaska to Big Diomede in the Soviet Union.

    1998 – Bombings at United States embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya kill approximately 212 people.

    1574 – Robert Dudley, English explorer and cartographer (d. 1649. [Worked as an engineer and shipbuilder, and designed and published Dell’Arcano del Mare (1645-1646), the first maritime atlas to cover the whole world.]

    1779 – Carl Ritter, German geographer and academic (d. 1859).

    1826 – August Ahlqvist, Finnish professor, poet, scholar of the Finno-Ugric languages, author, and literary critic (d. 1889).

    1844 – Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist and author (d. 1911).

    1869 – Mary Frances Winston, American mathematician (d. 1959).

    1876 – Mata Hari, Dutch dancer and spy (d. 1917).

    1903 – Louis Leakey, Kenyan-English palaeontologist and archaeologist (d. 1972).

    1916 – Kermit Love, American actor, puppeteer, and costume designer (d. 2008). [Best known as a designer and builder with the Muppets, in particular those on Sesame Street, he went on to build Oscar the Grouch and Big Bird and also helped create Cookie Monster and designed Mr. Snuffleupagus. Despite the coincidence of names, Kermit Love first met Jim Henson after the 1955 creation and naming of Kermit the Frog.]

    1928 – James Randi, Canadian-American stage magician and author (d. 2020). [No-one ever successfully completed the One Million Dollar Paranormal Challenge.]

    1933 – Jerry Pournelle, American journalist and author (d. 2017).

    1942 – Garrison Keillor, American humorist, novelist, short story writer, and radio host.

    1949 – Matthew Parris, South African-English journalist and politician. [He claims he attempted to out himself as gay in a late-night debate in the House of Commons in 1984, but nobody noticed. In 1989 he co-founded the gay rights charity Stonewall, but has since criticised it for its focus on a transgender rights agenda.]

    1952 – Alexei Sayle, English comedian, actor, and author.

    1958 – Bruce Dickinson, English singer-songwriter and guitarist.

    1960 – David Duchovny, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter.

    1962 – Alison Brown, American banjo player, songwriter, and producer.

    1966 – Kristin Hersh, American singer-songwriter and guitarist.

    1966 – Jimmy Wales, American-British entrepreneur, co-founder of Wikipedia.

    1975 – Charlize Theron, South African actress.

    Nae man can tether time or tide:
    1639 – Martin van den Hove, Dutch astronomer and mathematician (b. 1605).

    1941 – Rabindranath Tagore, Indian author, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1861).

    1957 – Oliver Hardy, American actor, singer, and director (b. 1892).

    2004 – Red Adair, American firefighter (b. 1915).

    2011 – Nancy Wake, New Zealand-English captain and spy (b. 1912). [Helped Allied airmen evade capture by the Germans and escape to neutral Spain. In 1943, when the Germans became aware of her, she escaped to Spain and then the United Kingdom. Her husband was captured and executed. Wake parachuted into occupied France and participated in a battle between the Maquis and a large German force in June 1944. In the aftermath of the battle, a defeat for the Maquis, she claimed to have bicycled 500 kilometres to send a situation report to SOE in London. Wake was a recipient of the George Medal from the United Kingdom (1945), the Medal of Freedom from the United States (1947), the Légion d’honneur from France (1970: Knight; 1988: Officer), a Companion of the Order of Australia from Australia (2004), and the Badge in Gold from New Zealand (2006).]

    2015 – Louise Suggs, American golfer, co-founded the Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) (b. 1923).

  2. … Trump was characteristically unapologetic as he took the stage Friday night to Lee Greenwood’s “God Bless the USA” …

    The last refuge of a scoundrel, as Samuel Johnson put it.

    1. Jerry has absolutely no need to apologize for Frump supporters since pretty much every country has political leaders that are shameful grifters at best and they still get voted for.

      I miss the old days where people went into politics or at least seemed to for the sake of the common man and not as an expedient means of bettering one’s circumstances.

      The company of odious leaders has a thriving membership.

    1. Tells you something about her egregious Oberlin’s behaviour was that the insurance companies are on the right side of things…!

  3. Fascinating fact about purple hearts:

    During world war 2, 1.5 million purple heart medals were manufactured in anticipation of substantial casualties expected during an invasion of Japan. After the war, 500000 medals remained unused. Every medal awarded since then has come from that excess, and to this day the stockpile from WW2 still hasn’t been exhausted.

    1. Could that fascinating fact be confirming the decision to drop the bomb at least in the minds of people at that time.

      1. All true. Avoiding the need to invade Japan was a major part of the motivation to use the atomic bomb.

        1. Both sides were eager to end a war that would have concluded with teenage Japanese girls with bamboo sticks being slaughtered by American men with machine guns. Truman said this. So did Hirohito. It is not widely known, but Truman called off (for a time) the third atomic bombing of Japan. Japan then surrendered.

      2. Quercus Alba’s figures are slightly misleading here: 1,500,000 medals were minted in WW2, of which 500,000 were minted specifically for the invasion of Japan. I think that about 120,000 remain unissued.

        Randall’s supposition is entirely correct. Truman was given a lot of different advice – navy blockade, airforce bomb, army invade – and downright contradictory figures for expected American casualties, from an early estimate of 25,000 American dead (wildly unrealistic, given that Okinawa would cost 12,000+ dead and 36,000 wounded) up to 1,000,000 casualties.

        By August 1945, US intelligence had discovered that Japan had greatly reinforced the intended landing zones with the result Allied (mostly US) ground forces (c750,000) would not be landing with the three to one superiority usually considered necessary for a quick victory, but with only a slight numerical superiority, which would probably have meant a prolonged and bloody struggle.

        Quite often, partisans in the atomic bombing debate choose the figures most appropriate to their case.

        1. For some reason during the kamikaze attacks at Okinawa and Iwo Jima, Japanese pilots targeted warships rather than troop transport vessels. The subsequent Japanese plans for the Allied invasion of their homeland included having available 10,000 kamikaze planes specifically for attacking troop transports.

          One million allied casualties might even have been a conservative estimate.

          Conventional warfare may have beaten Japan earlier if more military resources had been sent to the Pacific theatre, instead of to Europe and Russia, and Russia’s expansion into Eastern Europe may have been compromised thereby.

          But who knows?

    2. An Vietnam vet Jerrell Huddman sometime ago awarded his purple heart to a jack Russell who died of injuries while fighting off pit bulls that were attacking children… the location was Taranaki NZ.

  4. ‘A translation from the British. (Another one I’ve noticed is “very nice”, which translates to “horrible.”)’

    That depends, of course, on the tone of voice in which it is delivered. Imagine Dame Maggie Smith saying it as Minerva McGonagall.

  5. Anecdote – kind of personal, but I really hope this helps, the name is obscured for privacy:

    A certain person’s sleep study showed very low obstructive apnea. Not obvious justification for CPAP.

    A CPAP machine sort of helped, but still not perfect. About early winter, they went off it for ~6 months, was ok without it. In spring, when the sunlight was starting around 4:30 AM, they started feeling unslept all day and naps didn’t help. They got back on the CPAP. Very clear result – they feel fresh and well slept. No melatonin. No naps. It doesn’t work perfect mechanically but that’s details.

    Hope this helps.

    1. I’ve used a C-PAP for at least 15 years. During the pandemic, I could not quite muster much sympathy for those who kvetched about having to wear suggested masking. I trust that none of those used a C-PAP.

  6. I’ve seen several articles like the one summarized above, with tireless browbeating and fault finding of the US women’s team. It’s as if the writers must make a downer of the whole thing, but it seems to me that these results are an expected pattern in sports. It seems normal that it’s impossible to stay on top since every team eventually finds a way to defeat themselves. And meanwhile the opponents get better.

    1. I can’t tell which (NYT and WaPo) bested the other in the soccer sackcloth-and-ashes lamentation sweepstakes. (Now they’ll have to focus on the crisis in Niger) Perhaps ESPN can tell me. Perhaps the two publications should have a rhetorical penalty kick back-and-forth.

  7. It was probably more than one millimeter, no?

    According to Wiki, the accuracy of the Hawkeye system is 3.6mm.
    That’s the second time this has come into my attention in about a week, which is why I remembered it. Is there a ball-sport competition going on?
    Since the system works by following the outline of the ball on their (carefully positioned) cameras, you would expect different precision levels for deformable balls (footballs, tennis balls) than for more rigid balls (cricket). Whether that is taken into account in the system, I don’t know.

  8. but read her NYT op-ed, “A brief and futile argument in defense of the incandescent bulb.”

    To be honest, I’ve never really got the “cold, harsh light” girning about LEDs. Yes, the colour is different. But it’s better than being in the dark, and I’ve spent enough time working in darkrooms, under canvas and/ or down caves to really appreciate the difference between “some light” and “no light”.
    But I did come across a circumstance a while ago where I would go to efforts to source incandescent light bulbs. Several years ago, a few months before COVID, I happened to be visiting my parents when Dad was hosting an evening for the local Natural History Society’s “microscopy” section. So I took the opportunity to show them how to use Dad’s petrological microscope (polarising and analysing illumination, rotating stage, several other bits of optics) … and LED lamps are not good for polarised-light work. The optical characteristics you’re looking to identify minerals assume a more-or-less continuous spectrum, and the 2 or 3 colours from an LED are not a good match.
    Fortunately, Dad had a variable voltage power-supply on-hand, so I rigged up to use a Qtz-Halogen lamp (which I believe will continue to be available, at least in the UK) under a slightly below-spec line voltage to lower the filament temperatures by a thousand K or so. Worked a treat.
    In general, the procedure should work for most other uses. Whether it’s worth the effort for most uses .. up to you.
    Jerry – if you can find a Qtz-Halogen lamp intended for international standard power supply (235~240 V), it may give a suitable lower colour temperature when fed off 110~120 V US line voltage. The lab equipment wranglers may have a box of the right sort of lamps and fittings.

  9. is this animal, on display at a Chinese zoo, a real sun bear

    The film from the zoo was ambiguous, but the film from the wild was unambiguous. Look at where the legs bend : if you had a human in a suit, with the suit’s crotch at about knee-level then the “wild” shots would have the human-in-a-suit bending his legs somewhere in mid-shin and mid-thigh. Which … would hurt. Rather agonisingly.

  10. “Trump once famously complained about the quality of the light coming from LED bulbs, telling House Republicans “I always look orange” in the energy-efficient lighting.”

    I found that sentence in a CNN article. Hilarious!

    LEDs come in a lot of different wavelengths. I like the 5000K which is “daylight” and has a blue tinge. The lower Kelvin light is more yellow and akin to incandescent bulbs.

    I also find it amusing that articles, like the one cited above, make it seem like this was a Biden policy, when in fact, the policy started under W. Bush. Obama kept with the policy, Trump rolled back the policy (cause, climate change=hoax, or maybe his orangeness was the reason) and Biden simply reenacted the policy which had a timeline to ban incandescent bulbs and here we are.

    That orangutang driving was cool…I wondered how it would stop, but near the end, I saw that there was a person in the passenger seat. He might have been the one driving for all I know…though the cart seemed to follow what the orang was doing with the steering wheel. 🤔

  11. Rapinoe celebrated her loss by declaring that ‘equal pay’ was her most important memory of her defeat. Should I mention that she has advocated that biological males be allowed in women’s sports?

  12. I guess maybe if you buy your LEDs at the Dollar Store where they may only have one kind, you could think like Pamela Paul, but someone should have pointed out to her that if she would go somewhere like Lowe’s she’d find that they come in at least two different spectra, basically warm and cold. I use the warm ones inside and the cold ones outside.

    1. At a local large hardware store, I can get LED bulbs with color temperatures of 2700 (supposedly simulating an incandescent), 3000, and 5500 (daylight), even the local supermarket has two color temperatures for some bulbs.

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