Two days ago I wrote about a misguided article in the Chronicles of Higher Education: “Sometimes diversity trumps academic freedom” by Stacy Hawkins, vice dean and a professor of law at Rutgers Law School. Dr. Hawkins doesn’t seem to know the law too well, for even I could spot the flaws in her claim that DEI objectives (mostly involving “harmful speech” that subverts DEI objectives) can sometimes override academic freedom. That could happen only rarely, usually when the “academic freedom” wasn’t really “academic freedom” as normally construed or, more often, when the “harmful speech” is speech that’s perfectly allowable under the First Amendment or university regulations.
But Brian Leiter, my colleague in the Law School here, knows the law and academic precedents better than I, and he found Hawkins’s piece even more objectionable, giving me a quote that began “The article is not just ‘troubling,’ it’s legally incompetent.” Now Leiter has written a Chronicle rebuttal of Hawkins’s claims, showing that they’re based on ignorance of freedom of speech, academic freedom, and contract law. It leaves Dr. Hawkins with no leg to stand on (is that ableist?) You can read Leiter’s letter by clicking on the link below:
Here are the first and last paragraphs; there are two in between. Go to the Chronicles (or to Leiter’s own website) to read them:
Rutgers law professor Stacy Hawkins writes that, “The First Amendment, and the principle of academic freedom which emanates from it, is not exempt from the rule that no right is absolute” (“Sometimes Diversity Trumps Academic Freedom,” The Chronicle Review, February 28). The First Amendment protection for academic freedom, however, only applies to faculty at public universities; faculty at private universities typically enjoy a contractual commitment from their university to protect academic freedom pursuant to the AAUP definition. Employers cannot violate contractual rights because they want to pursue other objectives incompatible with them: It is thus false that “academic freedom may sometimes…need to cede to the responsibility academic administrators have to effectuate the institutional commitment to diversity, equity and inclusion.” Academic administrators who take that approach are breaching a contract with their employees. (Many public university faculty, it should be noted, also enjoy contractual protection for academic freedom.)
. . . Professor Hawkins asserts that the AAUP and University of Chicago statements defining academic freedom “were conceived and drafted [when] academe was largely governed by and on behalf of a narrow set of interests (most notably white, male, and Christian).” Many of those involved in conceiving these principles were, in fact, Jews and atheists, but in the litany of mistakes in Professor Hawkins’s essay, this is minor. What is outrageous is the implication that the “interests” served by academic freedom have a race, gender or religion. Academic freedom protects the pursuit of truth within the various scholarly disciplines, as well as the right of faculty to speak as citizens in the public square without professional sanction. It is an equal opportunity principle. Ironically, there is is some evidence that violations of this principle in recent years have affected non-whites and women slightly more often than others, so the groups Professor Hawkins professes an interest in protecting may well be among the first victims of the weakening of academic freedom protections she advocates.
13 thoughts on “Brian Leiter makes hash of a recent claim that DEI objectives can sometimes supersede academic freedom”
Well done. Short and to the point. Great that he responded and great that the Chronicle accepted his rebuttal for publication.
Oops. Prof Hawkins should revise her statements.
Sadly, I think her response is likely to be more along the lines of:
“See, this is what I was talking about! This WHITE MAN abused his academic freedom to undermine a respected and minoritized female scholar, which is harassment. This is why diversity legally requires that academic freedom take a backseat.”
Of course, because of academic freedom, Rutgers will continue to employ her despite her being wildly wrong, and she will continue to spout her wildly wrong views, again thanks to academic freedom.
QEDEI 🤣 Well played, Jerry!
“What is outrageous is the implication that the “interests” served by academic freedom have a race, gender or religion.”
That’s hitting it on the head fair and square.
As with so many instances of the woke being ready to bend the law to their own ends, I’m reminded of the exchange between Thomas More and Richard Rich in “A Man for All Seasons”:
ROPER So now you’d give the Devil benefit of law!
MORE Yes. What would you do? Cut a great road through the law to get after the Devil?
ROPER I’d cut down every law in England to do that!
MORE Oh? And when the last law was down, and the Devil turned round on you – where would you hide, Roper, the laws all being flat? This country’s planted thick with laws from coast to coast – man’s laws, not God’s – and if you cut them down d’you really think you could stand upright in the winds that would blow then? Yes, I’d give the Devil benefit of law, for my own safety’s sake.
The Thickets of the Law speech! Beautiful.
Made a lifelong impression on me in high school and I can still hear Christopher Hitchens reciting it. We so sorely need him.
I loved this article. I forwarded information about my case to him in the hope that my experience of cancellation might be relevant or helpful in his noble quest to secure academic freedom at both public and private universities. https://lawrencekrauss.substack.com/p/the-sad-case-of-david-porter-and
Simply brilliantly argued.
Prof. Dawkins is a vice-dean of the law school. She has ridden the diversity racket right to the top. Almost all her publications are about diversity and race-based preference for people who look like her. Especially important and brave for Prof. Leiter to take her down a peg.
Yikes! I meant “Hawkins”, of course!
This is excellent. I am glad to see that the Chronicle published this rebuttal. This is not to be taken for granted nowdays…