Okay, is everyone ready for footie? Yes, I thought so. But we still have nearly an hour, so let’s have a bit of biology.
We all love mimicry, and if you’re a regular here you’ve seen all kinds of it, including many animals (insects, frogs, spiders, and so on) that look like bird droppings. Those droppings are, of course ubiquitous. (Did your car get dumped on this week? Mine did). But if you evolve to resemble them, predators will leave you alone.
This is from Animal Oddities, and although it doesn’t demonstrate any new principles of evolution, it’s another cool example of how natural selection molds animals to hide their true nature. But here, let the website talk:
Mother Nature is pretty awesome, especially when she has the sense of humor of a ten year old boy.
You might be aware that the caterpillars of the giant swallowtail butterfly have evolved to look like bird droppings as way to avoid being eaten by predators. Most predators don’t enjoy eating bird poop, so this strategy ensures that many giant swallowtail caterpillars will survive long enough to pupate and emerge as winged adults, which will in turn mate and lay eggs and keep the species going.
Well, giant swallowtails aren’t alone in using this strategy. My National Wildlife Federation colleague Dani Tinker took some pics of an awesome moth in Great Falls, Virginia last weekend that also looks just like a pile of fresh bird poop.
Meet the pearly wood nymph [Eudryas unio]:
Pearly wood nymphs are found across eastern North America and lay their eggs on wild grapes, hibiscus, and evening primrose, so if you plant these in your garden, you might just be able to attract this cool moth to you own backyard.
Now we’re not sure that this evolved to mimic bird shit, but it sure looks like it, and the resting pose, with the forelegs extended out, also creates that illusion. You can see a lot more pictures of the species at BugGuide.
Just to show you what you or a bird might see, here’s a related species, the Beautiful Wood Nymph (Eudryas grata) from Observe Your Preserve. Notice that all these moths rest quite visibly on the surface of leaves, which I suspect is also an evolved behavior to enhance the mimicry:
Come to think of it, someone should write an article for Audubon or Natural History about animals that mimic excrement. Don’t you think people would read it?
h/t: National Wildlife tw**t via Matthew Cobb